To reduce the number of people’s deputies, to reduce the gas price, to incorporate land for peasants in the Constitution, to restore the status of a nuclear state in the event of the Budapest memorandum ineffectiveness and to bring cows back to the village. The main theses of Oleh Lyashko’s program, official and real biography, the declared property and the ability of the politician to tell the truth – about this and more in the section “Candidates” from Opinion.
We have created this section for you to have an opportunity to make conscious, objective and most importantly – your own decision in the presidential election this spring. Telling about each candidate, we turn to the official biography, open sources, emotionlessly scrutinize the program promises and the reality of their fulfillment.
We have planned materials about 12 candidates who have the highest chances according to the data of sociological companies. To avoid manipulation, the texts order has been defined alphabetically.
What is the candidate’s program this time?
This year’s program of the politician is named quite simple – “Lyashko’s Plan”. In an improvised introduction, the candidate himself admits that he has written the program on his own and it is based on the stories of Ukrainians with whom the candidate allegedly speaks on a daily basis. How exactly the politician planы to fill the fridges of Ukrainians with meat and make shawarma safe (these are the quotes from the same program) – let’s figure it out together.
No more chaos and mess
After an angry introduction about “chalk instead of pills” and “poor quality vodka that was made in the basement nearby”, we are able to find the first promise of the program: to reduce the number of people’s deputies to 250, ministries – to 10, plus to eliminate the post of prime minister .
Therefore, according to Lyashko’s plan, the president should be the only person responsible for the state of affairs throughout the country. In order not to get a “new Yanukovych” out of the blue, the candidate promises to pass a law on impeachment. In the case of this politician’s presidency, we should expected changes in judicial reform: the leader of the Radical Party promises to dismiss the old prosecutors and judges, and new ones should be… elected.
Justice in life – wealthy citizens
In this section, Lyashko promises to overcome poverty. It is quite difficult to trace a clear plan, however, it is possible to distinguish something at the level of promises. In particular, he promises the state regulation of prices for medications and products, affordable housing for young people, the restructuring of pensions for former collective farmers, and wages of milkmaids that are higher than ones of a prosecutor.
Respect for a working man
The candidate plans to increase state orders for manual labor specialists and increase scholarships for those who want to become them. Further, we can’t find anything specific in this section.
Work, salary and decent living conditions for Ukrainians
Here Lyashko promises to lower the gas price and utility tariffs, to replace foreign loans with investments in the development of the economy and prioritize Ukrainian interests before requirements of the IMF. In the same part, the candidate guarantees the termination of mass emigration of Ukrainians, economic growth of 8-10% and billions of investments.
Land and natural wealth will serve people
The candidate promises to incorporate the land to Ukrainian peasants in the Constitution, as well as to return… cows to the village. The policy maker even provided grants for the last point: at least 5000 hryvnias per cattle.
A strong army is a strong country
The politician is going to return the occupied territories in any possible way, except for capitulation. However, Lyashko considers a strong economy is the main mechanism of victory in the war. In addition, the candidate, like many of his rivals, appeals to the Budapest memorandum.
If the Memorandum strategy doesn’t work, the candidate promises to restore the status of a nuclear state. In addition, the candidate adds the requirement for a direct military agreement with the United States.
Believe in yourself – and we will win
Amazingly, in the “conclusion” Lyashko stresses that all his promises can be characterized as… populism. However, he immediately adds that every right thing that you say in our country is populism.
What can we know about him from the CEC and his party’s website?
On the website of the Central Election Commission, as usual, we can find a little about the candidate. Lyashko was born in Chernihiv, has a higher degree, works as a People’s Deputy, and runs for the presidency on the behalf of his Radical Party.
The official website of Oleh Lyashko does not contain the candidate’s biography, as well as his pages on social networks. However, we can partly get acquainted with his biography… in the candidate’s program. There he talked about his childhood without a father and three orphanages. His first job according to his papers was “cattle-farm worker at the collective farm Progress.” Then Lyashko spoke about 10 years of his journalistic experience.
What wasn’t mentioned in the official biography?
Lyashko received a higher degree, even two of them: at first, the candidate received a lawyer’s degree, later, in 2013, he acquired a degree in “international business”.
In 1994, Oleh Lyashko was arrested and sentenced to six years of imprisonment with confiscation of property. However, in a year the upcoming policymaker was granted amnesty, and in 1998, his conviction was removed from official records.
For what? According to information disclosed on the webpage of the current Attorney General of Ukraine Yuriy Lutsenko, in 1992, the future candidate illegally seized a car, while introducing himself as a police colonel.
In 2006-2012, Lyashko was an MP as a member of the Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc party. However, in October of 2010, the politician was expelled from the Yulia Tymoshenko faction for alleged cooperation with the Party of Regions.
In 2014, the candidate participated in the creation of a special battalion at the Donbas. Then, human rights defenders accused him of human rights violations, and Amnesty International expressed its concern about detention and interrogations of people in the east.
What does the candidate own?
From the infographic, presented by the team of resource Slovo i Dilo and created on the basis of the official declaration of the candidate, we find out that candidate’s source of income is not only his salary and fees for, let’s say, rent but also… lottery prizes. However, the cherry on the declared cake of the politician is peasant’s pitchfork.
What did the candidate promise to make during the last presidential elections?
In the second paragraph of his previous program, Lyashko stressed that he is able to return the Crimea, and to completely liberate the country from occupiers, separatists, embezzlers and corrupt officials for the first presidential term.
Lyashko was about to deprive Ukrainians who welcomed Putin of their citizenship. He also promised to “set European prices” for the supply of fresh water, gas, and electricity to Crimea.
Lyashko also addressed the Budapest memorandum in 2014 program and, unlike this year’s program, back then he was focused on maintaining the course of the country’s membership in NATO and the EU.
How does this candidate keep his promises?
According to the study conducted by the resource Slovo i Dilo, during his political career Oleh Lyashko managed to give at least 326 promises, but only 92 of them have been fulfilled. The overwhelming majority of what was promised by the politician turned out to be either a lie or is still in the process of implementation.
Lyashko lied, guaranteeing to adopt the law on the chemical castration of pedophiles, as well as assuring that his faction will not vote in Parliament until the law on the gas price will be adopted. Instead, the politician succeeded in supporting the introduction of criminal responsibility for smuggling and to oppose the appointment of Yakiv Smolii as a head of the NBU.
Are there any scandals with the candidate?
Yes. Well, Oleh Lyashko is quite famous for his love of fighting in the Verkhovna Rada. The leader of the Radical Party is responsible for many of them. In particular, the candidate managed to fight with Ihor Yeremeyev, Oleksandr Shevchenko, Adam Martyniuk and Yuriy Boyko.
In addition, according to the Chesno movement, during the 5th and 6th convocations, Lyashko was a “shirker”. He was also considered as a “button pusher” (a member of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine who votes on a motion by using own identity card as well as ones belonging to other deputies – translator’s note), who publicly justified members of his faction, who were also doing it.
In 2016, the politician had his own show on the pro-Russian TV channel NewsOne. Lyashko actively criticizes Ulana Suprun’s activities, marking the medical reform as “genocide”. By the way, such rhetoric is similar to the statements of Oleksandr Vilkul about Ms. Ulana.
As for pitchforks, black soil, potatoes, and livestock – we propose not to put it to the “scandals” section, because it is rather a part of the politician’s image than something that plays against him.
By Dmytro Zhuravel