To cut the price of gas twice, to eliminate the immunity of the president, MPs and judges, to raise the average salary to the level of Poland, to create millions of jobs and return the occupied territories by military diplomacy. The main theses of Yulia Tymoshenko’s program, the official and real biography, the declared property and the ability to tell the truth – about this and more in the section “Candidates” from Opinion.
We have created this section for you have an opportunity to make conscious, objective and most importantly – your own decision in the presidential election this spring. Telling about each candidate, we turn to the official biography, open sources, emotionlessly scrutinize the program promises and the reality of their fulfillment.
We have planned materials about 12 candidates who have the highest chances according to the data of sociological companies. To avoid manipulation, the texts order has been defined alphabetically.
The new strategy of peace and security
In the first section, the deputy stresses the first awesome elements. The first (and apparently the foremost) is strong diplomacy. Tymoshenko is going to an offensive and force the aggressor to return the occupied territories in a military-diplomatic way. Like the majority of presidential candidates, the politician appeals to the Budapest Memorandum. By the way, the original text of Memorandum stipulates that Ukraine got assurances on the security, not guarantees. But there is a tangible discrepancy between these two notions.
Also, Tymoshenko promises to change the Ukrainian army according to the NATO standards and to sharpen the military power. Military service under contract also can change. Due to the candidate’s plan, a certain motivational package must be formed, which, in particular, will provide accommodation for the contract servicemen and surplus bonuses for veterans.
The politician also tells about the alternative “Minsk Formula” plan of reintegration of Crimea and Donbas. The strategy is focused on the destruction of misunderstanding and hatred between “Ukraine and the occupied territories”. Tymoshenko plans to rip off compensations from Russia, and also to judge the aggressor for the violation of rights of the state and the citizens.
The People’s Constitution
The key promises of Tymoshenko are to eliminate the immunity of the president, judges, and deputies, to reduce the number of MPs to 350, to establish the mechanisms of changing the authority through referendum and to grant the opposition in the Verkhovna Rada the rights to parliamentary control.
The legislative initiative of the communities in the form of petitions is also mentioned there. According to the plans of the candidate, the communities will manage the land, and also they will own the land which is located beyond the borders of the countryside.
The New Economic Strategy
Yulia Tymoshenko plans to change the politics of the NBU and to return the money to the depositors whose money and the property was lost due to the drastic fall of the hryvnia rate. She is also going to establish the market of the electro energy, de-monopolize gas import and to refuse the import of coal, fully switching to own mining. The agrarians have to wait for the introduction of a single tax per hectare of land.
She also plans to cancel the tax police, to substitute VAT for the tax on realization and to introduce the pension system with private saving accounts.
The New Social Politics
In the issue of the wage increase, Tymoshenko keeps up with Poland and promises the wage increase by 3,5 times. The changes, in case of the candidate’s presidency, can touch the pension system. Particularly, she guarantees to cancel the tax which “deprives the working pensioners of their pensions”.
Insurance will be mandatory and will be guaranteed by employers. Apart from this, Yulia Tymoshenko promises to talk about the doctors, increasing their salaries according to the Polish level.
Then – the classic and one of the chief messages of the politician’s campaign – the cut of the gas price by twice. The gas of the national mining will be allocated to the citizens’ needs.
Tymoshenko promises to provide education branch with finances as a matter of priority. Educators are also guaranteed to increase wages, however, not to the Polish, but to the European level.
A separate block of promises is the development of our culture inside the country and abroad, state support for writers. And, of course, wages for cultural workers according to the European standard.
The New Youth Politics
Millions of jobs, micro-credits for the youth and the medium-sized business, state-owned fund of mortgage insurance, return of “old” childbirth payments, special support programs for large families – that’s what the candidate’s promise for this final part of the program is.
What can we know about her from the CEC and her official website?
On the site of the Central Election Commission, as always, we learn a little. A candidate was born in Dnipro (former Dnipropetrovsk), has a higher education, is registered in the village of Kozyn of the Kyiv region, and runs for the presidency from the party “Batkivshchyna”, which she also heads.
On the official website, we failed to find Tymoshenko’s biography. Instead, we stumbled upon it, scrolling the page on Facebook, where the candidate has already managed to collect two million subscribers.
So, her major is economic cybernetics, and immediately after graduating from university she began to work as an engineer-economist at a local machine-building plant. Next, she was the director of the youth center and general director of the “Ukrainian gasoline” corporation.
In 1995, Tymoshenko headed the company “United Energy Systems of Ukraine” and the next year she became the people’s deputy. Since 1998, she headed the Committee of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine on budget issues. At the same time, she again became the people’s deputy.
The deputy headed “Batkivshchyna” in 1999 and at the end of the year, she became the vice-minister of the Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex. She kept to this post until January 2001 and then resigned.
From August 5th, 2011 to February 22nd, 2014, she was a political prisoner of Victor Yanukovych’s regime. She has been rehabilitated in a while and in the extraordinary elections, she took the second place.
What wasn’t mentioned in the official biography?
Her biography doesn’t mention the fact that during 1997-1999 she was the assistant director of Pavlo Lazarenko’s “Hromada” party. He is the main suspect in the so-called “Lazarenko’s case”. The ex-vice-minister is blamed for the money fraud. In particular, it goes about collaboration with Tymoshenko.
There are no details either why the candidate was arrested in February 2011. She was blamed for the plundering of almost billion dollars, allocated for paying for the Russian gas. The last arrest took place in August 2011. She was charged with the excess of the authority when signing the gas contracts. However, this is not the fundamental list of open criminal proceedings against the candidate.
Mrs. Yulia doesn’t mention 2008-2009 years when “The Yulia Tymoshenko Bloc” negotiated with the “Party of Regions” on the formation of the parliamentary coalition whose aim was to reassign the authority. However, the unification didn’t happen.
Yulia Tymoshenko prefers not to mention her participation in the illegal cross of the Ukrainian border by Mikheil Saakashvili. For that, the candidate hit the section “Чистилище” (from Ukrainian – Purgatory) on the website Myrotvorets.
What does the candidate own?
From the infographic, presented by the team of “Slovo i Dilo” resource, created on the basis of the official declaration of the candidate, we find out that Tymoshenko keeps almost 615 thousand hryvnias in the bank accounts and 290 – in cash. The income which has been declared makes 560 thousand hryvnias. As we can see, the deputy doesn’t own money in foreign currency at all. At least, this is what her declaration shows. What is interesting, the husband of Mrs. Yulia is the owner of “Lady Yu” company which specializes in the production of the perfume and beauty products.
What did the candidate promise to make during the last presidential elections?
During the last elections, Tymoshenko promised to approve a new military doctrine, to achieve Ukraine’s membership in the European Union as soon as possible and free Crimea from Russian occupation. It is interesting that Tymoshenko had planned to introduce a mechanism of impeachment of the president in 2014, although this year there is no mention of this. This is due to the fact that recently the MP tried to announce an impeachment to the incumbent president.
And from the promises of Mrs. Yulia during the last elections – the possibility of giving Russian and other languages official status in the regions. Following this, to promote the general understanding between the churches.
How does this candidate keep her promises?
According to the study conducted by the Slovo i Dilo resource, on the candidate’s account, there are 290 promises, and only 27% of them are fulfilled. Most of the 95 promises turned out to be fake.
Tymoshenko lied, promising to recently register the draft resolution on the impeachment of the president, as well as guaranteeing the provision of social guarantees to ATO participants, the rapid return of Crimea and the introduction of a private prosecution mechanism.
Are there any scandals with the candidate?
Sure, there are plenty of them since Tymoshenko is not for the first day in politics. In particular, a candidate is often criticized for signing a gas contract with Russia in January 2009. Opponents of the politicians consider this a kind of proof of cooperation between Tymoshenko and Vladimir Putin, who at that time was the head of the Russian government.
Also, Tymoshenko recently demanded the impeachment of Poroshenko. However, in response to this, the spokesman of the presidential staff reminded that Tymoshenko demanded impeachment… of all presidents except Kravchuk. But despite such a tradition this year, the candidate didn’t add to her program a promise to introduce a real mechanism for this procedure.
In addition, at the beginning of last year, foreign publications divulged information that Tymoshenko’s 2010 presidential campaign funded the regime of the former Libyan dictator Gaddafi. In the party, of course, this information was denied.
The part of society raged at the critical talks of Tymoshenko concerning the acting Minister of Healthcare Ulana Suprun. In particular, the candidate called Ulana a person without experience, who is bad at Ukrainian and doesn’t know at all Russian. Tymoshenko considers the medical reform the “genocide of the Ukrainian nation”.
Text by Dmytro Zhuravel