For the first time in Ukraine, nationwide research is being conducted to study the prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs). The World Health Organization recommended an approach for epidemiological surveillance of risk factors for NCDs is called STEPS. This was reported by the press service of the Ministry of Health of Ukraine.
“There are more than 130 countries in the world at least once participated in the STEPS study. In some countries, STEPS studies have been conducted several times, in Ukraine – for the first time,” the Ministry of Health noted.
Research results are needed not only to study trends within a country but also for comparisons between countries. In particular, they contain socio-demographic indicators, the level of alcohol and tobacco consumption, nutrition information, physical activity, blood pressure, glucose, cholesterol measurements, the presence of circulatory system diseases, physical examination data and biochemical indicators.
Such non-communicable diseases as cancer, diabetes, cardiovascular, chronic respiratory, mental diseases are the cause of death № 1 in the world and in Ukraine. They are responsible for 90% of all premature deaths, the Ministry of Health said.