This year, the admission marathon, which started with the external independent testing (EIT), and finished with the admission to higher educational institutions, came to an end. Its result is more than 60,000 students of the state-funded form of education. How many students with the contract form of study there are, we will know a little later, when universities calculate their “harvest”. And if the ranking of universities did not bring us any surprises, the most popular specialty that current applicants have chosen is somewhat unexpected – philology.
Although, as the people say, don’t count your chickens before they are hatched, the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine is counting its “chickens” right now – it is already known how many and at what universities at students will study under the state order.
“I didn’t do it last year, although I made EIT with high scores, I decided to relax a bit and weigh well the pros and cons of my future profession, since I want to become a doctor,” Kyiv resident Valeriya Shumko says, “and this year I applied for three medical universities: in Kyiv, Vinnytsya, and Ivano-Frankivsk. The priority, of course, was Kyiv – and now I am a student of the therapeutic faculty of the Oleksandr Bogomolets University. I also was admitted to Vinnytsya and Ivano-Frankivsk, and also to the state-funded form of study, but it is clear that I will study in the home city.”
Why have applicants given up the state-funded form of study?
However, if the young lady, it can be said, has the ideal option – to choose the university that her heart desires, others had to make a rather difficult choice.
“Although now they say that there are too many lawyers, economists, and journalists in the labor market, while still in the 9th grade, I decided that I would become a lawyer. I haven’t changed my mind after graduating from school: it seems to me that this is the profession that helps to feel confident and protected,” Kyiv resident Andriy Sokurenko shares his plans for the future with Opinion.
“I applied documents for three universities: Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Yaroslav Galan Kharkiv Academy and the Vadym Hetman Economic University of Kyiv. Shevchenko University was a priority, but, unfortunately, I did not become its student. I was offered a contract form of study at a law faculty of KNEU, and was invited to Kharkiv on a state-funded form of education, but had to refuse: in Kyiv there are no problems with housing and food, which would cost me a lot in Kharkiv, so I chose contract form of studies, but in my home city.”
It turns out that he was not the only one to refuse the state order place, which the young man, given his high points in the certificates of EIT, was offered, but in another city. The Ministry of Education and Science says that this year there are almost 13% of such students. As explained by the Minister of Education and Science of Ukraine Liliya Grynevych, the vast majority of such applicants decided to choose the specialty that they like more, although they had to choose a contract form of training, instead of studying for free, but in a less prioritised specialty. Interestingly, very often they refused the state-funded form of education in those universities that were indicated in the applications at the end of their own rating, that is, the sixth or seventh priority. Therefore, the Ministry of Education and Science notes that next year the number of applications that can be submitted to universities will be reduced. So, if this year it was possible to submit as many as 7 applications for 4 specialties, then in 2020 they plan to limit them to 5 applications. But they want to annul the restrictions on the number of specialties.
As for the state order places that were not used by applicants, according to Oleg Sharov, the director-general of the higher education and adult education directorate of the Ministry of Education and Science, benefited applicants are in priority. We are talking about the children of the perished defenders of Ukraine, persons with disabilities of the I-II group, children with disabilities under 18 years of age, some categories of people affected by the Chornobyl disaster, and several more categories of applicants.
By the way, if we talk about medical and pedagogical universities, this year they have introduced the practice of working a certain time in a particular place. And the students, who are ready to conclude an agreement on the following after graduation, primarily in rural areas, were credited to the state-funded form in the first place. And although this, of course, is not at all the practice that was common in the Soviet era, when young specialists were sent to work there no matter what, current students did not find a great desire to go to work in villages – only 27 people signed such agreements. The Ministry of Education believes that this is the first step, and, as you know, it is always the hardest. But the process has already been launched, and although tenders for the conclusion of contracts have been held in only 10 areas, the next year should give the best result.
The hardest thing was to become an international affairs student
But it was quite expected that, just like last year, the most difficult thing in 2019 was to become a student of the faculties of international affairs. It should be said that in order to study at International Law faculty, you had to have at least 194.25 points in the certificates of EIT. Passing score for the faculty of international relations, public communications, and regional studios is from 186.25 (through the Ministry of Culture) to 194.004 points (universities, subordinate to the Ministry of Education and Science). The faculties of international economic relations accepted applicants, who had at least 190.84 points. It is about joining a wide competition for a bachelor of full-time education.
The next step among the specialties, where high passing scores are recorded belongs to dentistry (189.176 points). Almost caught up is political science, with 189.125 points. Then journalism comes (188.75 from the Ministry of Education and 181.662 from the Ministry of Culture), medical psychology (186.9), cultural studies (185.691 from the Ministry of Education and 172.176 from the Ministry of Culture), history and archeology (185.05 points), and public administration and administration (183.804). Applicants, who have chosen law, economics, software engineering and a number of specialties in philology, in order to get to budget education, also needed to have at least 180 points.
This year, the easiest way was to get to the faculties that train teachers of mathematics (it was necessary to have only 110 points), builders (103) and representatives of agricultural professions, say, agronomists (104). As you can see, these specialties recorded the lowest passing points. Labor market experts point out that these specialties are unpopular quite rightly – there is a small salary in the field. At the same time, it is noted that if we have mathematics teachers, who do not know the school subject very well, this will really entail a number of serious problems related to the state of the economy in the country.
However, according to the number of applications submitted, the rating of specialties looks very different. This year, Philology turned out to be the undisputed leader – applicants submitted 65,419 applications for this specialty. The first place of the rating was even given away to the usually popular Law, where 65,077 applications were submitted. Then comes management (50,207 applications), computer science (39,376), secondary education (35,605), journalism (30,247), economics (28,178), software engineering (27,217), psychology (25,680) and medicine (25,288 applications).
The most popular universities
This introductory campaign proved that the Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, where, by the way, contract form of study is one of the most expensive in the country, does not lose its popularity and takes first place in the ranking in terms of the number of applications submitted. So, in 2019, more than 41,000 applicants expressed a desire to become students of Shevchenko University. In the second place in the ranking of popularity of universities is the Ivan Franko Lviv National University, where more than 36,000 applications have been submitted. The third is for National Technical University of Ukraine, Igor Sikorsky Kyiv Polytechnic Institute, (more than 35,000 applications).
This is followed by the National University Lviv Polytechnic (almost 30,000 applications), Kyiv National University of Trade and Economics (more than 24,000), National Aviation University (more than 22,000), V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University (19,379), Vadym Getman KNEU (18,686). The ninth place holds the Borys Grinchenko University of Kyiv, where nearly 15,000 applicants applied, and in the tenth – the Oles Honchar Dnipro National University, which harvested 14,672 applications.
According to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, almost 10,000 students are recommended for the enrollment to universities which are the three leaders: at the University of Shevchenko – 3,037 people, at the KPI – 3,837 applicants, at the Lviv Polytechnic University – 2,451 applicants. There are also 2,260 applicants to the Ivan Franko Lviv National University and 1,253 to the Karazin University in Kharkiv.
Therefore, now in higher education institutions they are already preparing for a meeting with their freshmen, the students themselves are resting before the start of adulthood, and experts say that until real steps are taken that would ensure, firstly, the increase in the prestige of important professions for the country, and secondly, the close relationship between the needs of the labor market and those specialists graduated from universities, those, who have the lowest scores will be future teachers and then illiterate philologists and mathematicians, who are not good at proving theorems, will teach our children. Therefore, a lot of work in this direction should be done.
Text by Larysa Vyshynska
Illustrations by Nataliia Stakhnova